Ears, nose, throat (ENT) surgery comprises many different types of surgical procedures and is one of the oldest surgical specialties. It is also one of the most elaborate fields of surgery, using advanced technology and encompassing a broad range of procedures including major reconstructive surgery.
Typically, ear surgery is used to correct defects causing hearing loss or impairment. Such procedures include tympanoplasty (reconstruction of the eardrum), stapedectomy (removal of all or part of a bone in the middle ear), and cochlear implants (implantation of a device to stimulate nerve ends within the ear to enable hearing). Myringotomy (insertion of ear tubes to drain fluid in persons with chronic ear infections) is another common procedure.
Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of the ENT specialist. Common surgical procedures of the nose can include sinus surgery, correction of a deviated septum (septoplasty) and relief of chronic nasal congestion. Advanced endoscopic surgery for sinus and nasal disorders can eliminate the need for external incisions and major surgery.